The United Nations
The United Nation’s has 4 main purposes:
- To keep peace throughout the world;
- To develop friendly relations among nations;
- To help nations work together to improve the lives of poor people, to conquer hunger, disease and illiteracy, and to encourage respect for each other’s rights and freedoms;
- To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations to achieve these goals.
Millennium Development Goals revealed the following goals and results:
- Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the mortality rate of children under five.
- Since 1990, the under-five mortality rate has dropped by 47 per cent.
While around 17,000 fewer children are dying each day, 6.6 million children under five died in 2012—mostly from preventable diseases.
- More than 10 million lives have been saved through measles vaccines since 2000.
In Sub-Saharan Africa, one in ten children dies before age five, more than 15 times the average for developed regions.
Due to its unique international character, and the powers vested in its founding Charter, the Organization can take action on a wide range of issues, and provide a forum for its 193 Member States to express their views, through the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council and other bodies and committees.
The United Nations, since reaching the MDG Deadline in 2015, have released as new set of Sustainable Development Goals. Our primary mission out of these sustainable goals is Goal number 3:
Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
And more specifically;
- By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births
- By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births
The Future Starts Now
The work of the United Nations reaches every corner of the globe.
Although best known for peacekeeping, peacebuilding, conflict prevention and humanitarian assistance, there are many other ways the United Nations and its System (specialized agencies, funds and programmes) affect our lives and make the world a better place.
The Organization works on a broad range of fundamental issues, from sustainable development, environment and refugees protection, disaster relief, counter terrorism, disarmament and non-proliferation, to promoting democracy, human rights, gender equality and the advancement of women, governance, economic and social development and international health, clearing landmines, expanding food production, and more, in order to achieve its goals and coordinate efforts for a safer world for this and future generations.
Bangladesh: Breaking healthcare barriers prevents child deaths.
Over the past two decades, persistent UNICEF-supported local-level efforts, such as training community healthcare workers, have led to a sharp decline in maternal and child mortality in Bangladesh. Infant mortality declined from 100 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 33 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2012. In the same period, under-five mortality dropped by 72 per cent from 144 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 41 in 2012.
Peru: Empowered farmers fight inequality.
Indigenous children from Peru’s remote regions are among the most disadvantaged in the world.
In some areas, half the children suffer from chronic malnutrition and many are anaemic and Vitamin A-deficient.
Extreme inequalities, lack of services, and poor roads and schools make grim prospects for children. Rural families are now getting assistance from the MDG-Fund for Farmers Field Schools, a programme that provides training on agricultural and management techniques to farmers to improve their children’s health and nutrition.
Chad: Children have better chances to reach their fifth birthday.
Chad has one of the lowest vaccination rates in the world. With support from UNICEF, an expanded immunization programme is reaching more children using community outreach workers, radio broadcasts and campaigns.
Nigeria: Saving One Million Lives.
In 2012, the Nigerian Government launched Saving One Million Lives by 2015, an ambitious initiative to expand access to essential primary health services to women and children, including telephone lines for health workers, equipment to prevent mother-to- child HIV transmission, bed nets and other life- saving tools. India: Newborns saved by rural healthcare. Madhya Pradesh, the second-largest state in India, has the highest infant mortality rate in the country. The state government and UNICEF are turning things around by setting up healthcare facilities linking rural communities to district hospitals, and establishing health centres where there were none.
The Special Newborn Care Unit of the Shivpuri District Hospital has alone saved more than 6,000 children. Cambodia: Efforts target measles in hard-to- reach communities. Measles travels fast and is a major killer of young children. The number of children under 1 year of age immunized against measles in Cambodia between 2000 and 2012 went up by 71 per cent, but 7 per cent were still not being reached. In 2011, the World Health Organization helped the national immunization programme identify communities at high risk of missing out on vaccines. Measles immunization sessions were then held in market places and village leaders’ homes in those communities. Cambodia reported no measles cases for a full 12 months in 2012, down from 722 cases the previous year.